Partial Discharge Tester – 19501-K
- Built-in AC hipot test and partial discharge (PD) detection functions
- Programmable AC hipot voltage output 0.1kVac~10kVac
- Up to 0.01μA~300μA high accuracy and high resolution current meter
- 1pC~2000pC partial discharge detection range
- High voltage contact check ( HVCC) function
- Compliant with IEC60747-5-5, VDE0884 and IEC 60270 standards requirements
- Built-in IEC60747-5-5 testing methods
- Separate design for measurement and display unit
- 3 stages of voltage testing function
- PD measured results display (pC)
- PD failure count setting (1~10)
- Traditional Chinese/Simplified Chinese/English multilingual user interface
- USB storage for screen capture
- Graphical editing
- Standard LAN, USB, and RS232 remotecontrol interface
The Chroma 19501-K Partial Discharge Tester is an instrument equipped with AC hipot test and partial discharge detection functions, providing 0.1kV~10kV of AC output, 0.01μA~ 300μA of leakage current, and 1pC~2000pC par t ial di scharge detect ion range for measurement. It is specifically designed for testing high voltage semiconductor components and high insulation materials.
The product design of Chroma 19501-K Partial Discharge Tester is compliant to the IEC60270-1 standard in particular the partial discharge testing requirements for high voltage. It adopts narrowband measuring technology to perform the PD tests, and displays the measured results on the screen with intuitive values (pC) allowing users to clearly understand the DUT (device under test) test result.
In addition to IEC60270-1, the PD tester is also IEC60747-5-5 and VDE0884 compliant. Its embedded IEC60747-5-5 measuring methods can meet the production test requirements of optocouplers, providing a user-friendly operating interface.
Partial Discharge is the local dielectric breakdown of a small portion of insulation systems, where the electric field strength exceeds the breakdown point of the insulation material; this does not bridge the space between two conductors.
The partial discharge tester applies voltage to the DUT under a certain condition to measure the apparent partial discharge (PD). Besides verifying its ability to withstand a transient high voltage (hipot test), it also verifies the insulation integrity at rated operating voltage. The partial discharge test can detect whether there are abnormal air gaps on the electrical components by applying a charge slightly above the maximum rated voltage. This also tests its long-term reliability under normal voltage conditions. Although, it is impossible to be 100% free of air gaps inside the insulation material during actual production, the IEC60747-5-5 optocoupler standard still defines that for partial discharge testing, the discharge capacity cannot exceed 5pC (qpd=5pC).
Partial Discharger Calibration
When using a partial discharger to calibrate the partial discharge tester for measuring micro discharge, the signal is very small and fast. Thus, the partial discharge tester has to be accurately calibrated before shipment to ensure the high frequency signal can be measured during discharge. The IEC60270-1 high voltage test standard, which explicitly states the calibration standards and methods for partial discharge, is conformed to developing the Chroma 19501-K partial discharge tester.
The standard capacitor Co used by the calibrator is usually a low voltage capacitor. Hence, the partial discharge tester is calibrated and de-energized when conducting the PD calibration, which means only the PD measurement circuits are calibrated. In order to make the calibration effective, the regulation states that the standard capacitance Co used on the calibrator must be less than 0.1 Ca and the pulse equivalent discharge qo=VoCo .
High Precision Measurement
The Chroma 19501-K is a high precision partial discharge tester equipped with 200pC and 2000pC two ranges to measure from 1pC to 2000pC, and the best resolution in range 200pC is 0.1pC. Its high accuracy measurement and intuitive display of measured results on the screen facilitate the assessment and analysis of small discharges for highly insulated objects.
The partial discharge tester has a built in narrowband filter to measure small discharges; however, the equipment that is used for testing in production is different from those used in the Lab as the noise and interference include automated mechanical operation, motor movement, or high frequency radiation, etc. All of these affect the measurement and assessment of PD. Preventing and reducing the measurement circuit of the partial discharge tester from being interfered with by high-frequency radiation is a big issue to manufacturers and automation equipment suppliers.
The partial discharge occurs fast, usually in nanoseconds (nS) and at a high frequency. Because the signal is very small, the tester is easily affected by the surrounding high frequency radiation causing measurement errors. Accurately measuring the PD capacity and avoiding the interference of high frequency radiation is a technical challenge for designing the partial discharge tester.
Chroma is aware of the inevitable interference of high frequency radiation in the environment, so a separate design for the measurement and display unit is applied to the 19501-K Partial Discharge Tester. Its detachable test module can measure the DUT in the closest way to reduce the interference caused by long cables. In the meantime, the measurement circuit uses signal isolation design with an outlet probe of the shortest loop at the test end, and a copper ring to isolate the ambient radiation at the low voltage circuit end to prevent the PD measurement circuit from being interfered with by external noise.
Application of optocoupler standards
In the IEC 60747-5-5 standard, the electrical safety requirements and test methods related to optocouplers are clearly defined to provide guidance for safe use of the optocoupler components. The Chroma 19501-K partial discharge tester complies with the electrical safety test requirements and test methods specified in the standard in which partial discharge test must be executed 100% and provided to the manufacturer for optocouplers production. The voltage for the partial discharge test is set by multiplying the nominal maximum insulation working voltage or the maximum repetitive insulation
Compliant with IEC 60747-5-5 and VDE 0884 standards for testing
The Chroma 19501-K has built in test methods (b1), (b2) and (b3) required by the IEC60747-5-5 standard for the optocoupler industry, and uses graphical display to assist in program editing, which facilitates the instrument operation and improves the usage efficiency.
Three stages of voltage test
In addition to meeting the optocoupler and partial discharge testing requirements during production, some manufacturers request a higher test voltage to perform a hipot test with PD detection for improving the quality of the components and maintaining stricter internal quality control. However, the voltage still needs to be reduced to the standard specified (Vpd) for inspection again after the strict test to make sure the product complies with the standard requirement. The Chroma 19501-K unique three stages voltage testing function is designed to satisfy these demands.
PD failure count setting
The partial discharge tester must be able to accurately measure the tiny discharge when performing insulation quality test on the components. When PD occurs, the signal is very small and easily interfered with by the high frequency radiation in the environment, which causes the measurement to deviate. Therefore, to reduce the misjudgment caused by the external interference, the Chroma 19501-K partial discharge tester provides the settings of PD failure count ensuring the measured discharge capacity is from the DUT instead of the surrounding environment.
When a partial discharge tester applies high voltage to a solid insulator, the discharge capacity in it follows the voltage change to generate periodical discharge. Therefore, the discharge capacity is relatively stable and continuous compared to the high frequency noise in the environment. The 19501-K is designed to calculate the discharge capacity that is generated at least once for four consecutive voltage half-wave periods, and count once when it exceeds the maximum discharge capacity. If the discharge does not occur continuously, the PD failure count will reset to zero and recount until the continuous count exceeds the set number and the test result is determined as a failure.
HVCC (High Voltage Contact Check)
It is very important to perform contact check on high insulation components during high voltage output. Chroma’s unique HVCC (High Voltage Contact Check) function uses Kelvin measurement to perform contact test on the high insulation components when the high voltage outputs, which concurrently increases the test reliability and productivity. The wiring circuit diagram is shown as below.
Used to calibrate the partial discharge tester for measuring micro discharge.