Battery Cell Surge Tester Model – 19311

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Key Features

  • Datasheet
  • Max. output voltage: 6kV (Depends on DUT’s capacitance)
  • Pulse interval: 30ms ~ 3000ms
  • 8 types of judgments:
    – Area
    – Differential Area
    – Flutter
    – Laplacian
    – 1st Peak Voltage (V1)
    – 3rd Peak Voltage (V3)
    – Peak Ratio
    – ΔPeak%
  • Contact Check
  • Breakdown Voltage Mode (BDV Mode)
  • Sampling rate: 200MHz
  • Support up to 25 channels for scanning test (19311-10 with A190362 option)
  • User interface:
    – English
    – Traditional Chinese
    – Simplified Chinese
  • Support USB flash driver
    – Waveform, test conditions & Test results storage
    – Screen capture
    – Backup files
  • Graphical color display
  • Standard remote interface: LAN, USB & RS232
  • CE Mark

Description

Designed for testing the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates of a lead-acid battery cell, the 19311 applies a high voltage surge/impulse before the electrolyte injection process effectively decreasing defective rates in production. Chroma has given the surge tester an output voltage that can reach up to 6kV, has four terminal measurement, and a sampling rate of 200MHz.

The Chroma 19311 is offered in either a single channel (19311) or multi-channel (19311-10) unit. The 19311-10 has 10 channels which can test up to 9 battery cells within a single unit. Testing up to 24 cells in a sequence can be achieved by connecting the 19311 with an external scanner (A190362).

The speed of the multi-cell scanning test is extremely efficient, saving test time. By using a resonant waveform to identify insulation quality deficiencies, the 19311 can increase the capacity of good units in the production line.

The 19311’s surge test applies a non-destructive low energy impulse voltage to the lead-acid battery cell. During the surge test, the lead-acid battery cell resonates with the internal inductor in the 19311. The tester then determines if the insulation is defective or not by analyzing the resonant waveform or comparing the test waveform with a golden sample waveform. Testing the lead-acid battery cell with a high voltage surge before the electrolyte injection checks the insulation distance and the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates, determines the integrity of the separator between the positive and negative plates, and identifies if the positive and negative plates are shorted.

Chroma’s 19311 series analyzes the differences of the insulation quality from the resonant waveform using 8 types of judgements for analysis: Area, Diff-Area, Flutter, Laplacian, V1, V3, Peak Ratio and ΔPeak%.

  SURGE TEST  

The surge test applies a “non-destructive”, short period and low energy impulse voltage on a lead-acid battery cell. During the surge test, the lead-acid battery cell resonates with the internal inductor because there is an internal inductor in the 19311/19311-10. The 19311/19311-10 can judge if the leadacid battery cell is a good cell or not by analyzing the resonant waveform or comparing the test waveform with the sample waveform. The main purposes of testing the lead-acid battery cell by a high voltage surge test before the electrolyte injection are checking whether the insulation distance between the positive and negative plates is enough, checking whether the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates is good, checking whether the separator between the positive and negative plates exists, and checking whether the positive and negative plates are not short together. Detecting the defect battery cell before the electrolyte injection can decrease the defective rate of the lead-acid battery production. After the switch turns off, the decrease of the peak voltage represents the insulation quality of the battery cell.

19311

  8 TYPES OF JUDGEMENT FUNCTIONS  

Area
Area, which is comparing the difference of the total area between the test waveform and the sample waveform, can be used to check whether or not the insulation between the positive and negative plates is poor or whether or not the separator exists between the positive and negative plates. Area represents the insulation status of the lead-acid battery cell. When the insulation between the positive and negative plates is poor, insulation distance between the positive and negative plates is too short, or the separator between the positive and negative plates does not exist, if the electric field intensity/voltage is high enough, the discharge occurs. This energy released causes the area size of the test waveform to become smaller than the area size of the sample waveform.

19311

Differential Area
Differential Area, which compares the area created between the test waveform and the sample waveform with the total area of the sample waveform, can be used to check the difference of the battery cell’s capacitance. When the capacitance of the battery cell is larger, the resonant frequency is lower. Therefore, when the capacitance of the battery cell is smaller, the resonant frequency is higher.

19311

Flutter
Flutter, which is a total value of the waveform that is calculated by using the 1st derivative of differential equation, can be used to do the contact check. When the probe does not contact to the battery cell, the capacitance is much smaller than the capacitance with a good contact, so the resonant frequency becomes very high after the switch turns off, which causes the value of Flutter to become larger. Therefore, Flutter can detect whether or not the probe contacts the battery cell.

19311

Laplacian
Laplacian, which is calculated by using the 2nd derivative of differential equation, can be used to check the occurrence of the small discharge. It can detect the rapid changes in the test waveform caused by the small discharge during the surge test.

19311

V1
V1 is the 1st peak voltage of the resonant waveform. When the insulation is poor or the separator does not exist between the positive and negative plates, if the electric field intensity/voltage is high enough, the discharge occurs. This energy released causes the 1st peak voltage (V1) to be smaller
than the good battery cell.

V3
V3 is the 3rd peak voltage of the resonant waveform. When the insulation is poor or the separator does not exist between the positive and negative plates, if the electric field intensity/voltage is high enough, the discharge occurs. This energy released causes the 3rd peak voltage (V3) to be smaller
than the good battery cell. When the insulation quality of the test battery cell is not good, because the energy loss is more, the 3rd peak voltage (V3) is smaller than the good battery cell.

19311

Peak Ratio
Peak Ratio, which is the ratio between the 5th peak voltage (V5) and the 3rd peak voltage (V3) of the waveform, can be used to check the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates of the lead-acid battery cell. When the insulation quality is worse or the parallel resistance (Rp) is less, because the energy loss is more, the voltage of the 5th peak voltage becomes smaller. Therefore, the peak ratio of the bad insulation quality is less than the peak ratio of the good insulation quality. The value of the peak ratio represents the status of the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates of the lead-acid battery cell.

19311

ΔPeak %
ΔPeak% can be used to check whether or not the insulation quality between the positive and negative plates of the lead-acid battery cell is close to the golden sample. ΔPeak% is the difference of the peak ratio between the test waveform and the sample waveform. This can be used to sort out the battery cell whose insulation quality is not close to the golden sample. When the insulation quality of the test battery cell and the insulation quality of the golden sample are the same, because the peak ratio of the test waveform and the peak ratio of the sample waveform are also the same, the ΔPeak% is 0%. When the insulation quality of the test battery cell is worse than the insulation quality of the golden sample, because the peak ratio of the test waveform is less than the peak ratio of the sample waveform, the ΔPeak% is a negative number.

19311

  APPLICATIONS  

Contact Check
Contact Check function checks whether the DUT is connected or not by the difference of the frequency. When the battery cell is disconnected, the capacitance is much smaller than the capacitance with the battery cell is connected, so the resonant frequency becomes very high. This is why the
difference of the frequency can be used for the contact check. The operators can adjust the sensitivity of the contact check to meet their own need. The sensitivity of the contact check can be increased by increasing the limit or can be decreased by decreasing the limit.

Breakdown Voltage ( B.D.V)
19311 Series has the breakdown voltage mode for analysis, which can set the start voltage and the end voltage. While the test voltage increases from the start voltage to the end voltage, it checks whether or not the values of Area, Laplacian and Peak Ratio exceed the limits for finding the maximal withstand voltage of the battery cell. The research and development engineer can use the BDV mode to analyze and research the lead-acid battery cell, and establish the test voltage of the surge test for the production.

10/25 Channels Scanning Test
19311-10 has 10 channels in one single unit. It can test up to 9 cells (max.) in one test sequence. It also can expand the channels to 25 (max.) with a Scan Box (A190362), which can test up to 24 cells (max.) in one test sequence.

Screenshot 
The operator can use the hot key to screenshot the screen display. The screenshot file will be stored into the USB flash drive that is plugged in.

Export 
The operator can use the Export function to export the data of the current test result into the USB flash drive that is plugged in, and analyze the data of the current test result. The file storage format is in CSV (Comma Separated Values) format.

19311

Model Description
19311 Battery Cell Surge Tester
19311-10 Battery Cell Surge Tester (10 channels)
A190362 16-channel 4-wire HV External Scanning Box
A190364 4-wire test cable with bare wire (1.5m)
A190365 4-wire test cable with bare wire (3m)

User Manuals
Specifications
Product Brochures
Application Notes

How To Buy

Three efficient ways to get pricing and/or more information regarding this instrument:

Electronically: Please complete this form and one of our sales engineers will respond same day or next business day if after hours. Requests from this form are quoted directly from Chroma.

By phone: Call us at 949-600-6400, let the operator know where you are located, and you’ll be routed to your regional sales engineer.

By chat: Feel free to use the Chat line located at the bottom right of this page. The chat operator will take your information and route it to your regional sales engineer.

 

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Lead time

Most of our instruments are inventoried and ready to ship. If we are currently out of stock – and due to demand we can be - lead times are typically 4-8 weeks depending on the instrument’s power rating.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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